Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya:
Go South! The Pharaoh Enduro Expedition

$5,196 20 to 22 days from 6 to 16 participants for true adventurers

tour description

40 YEARS Tenere expierance

As already described in the foreword, this motorbike trip is not for muzzlers, but rather an exclusive experience for a handful of "motorbike adventurers" who will have the chance to take part in the Pharaoh Expedition "Gooo South!" in 2023!
Countries like Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya will really be crossed in the most adventurous way in about three weeks and those who still have time and adrenaline addiction can "pull" the next adventure line Equator Gooo SOUTH!

START is the land of the Pharaohs along the Nile and the cult cities of Upper Egypt, across the Nubian Sahara via the fork of the Blue and White Nile in Sudan we experience the pacified Southern Ethiopia and cross the land of the Mursis (Plate Lips Ethnic Group) and the Oromos. The last stage leads through the rarely travelled Sibiloi National Park along Lake Tucana, past Kenya's highest mountain, the motorbike expedition reaches the equator line to the destination in Nairobi.

It's TIME, TIME to experience the adventure!



On the Road in Egypt:

Egypt Cairo:
The participant chaotic capital of the pharaohs, Cairo!
The OVERCROSS tour guide "smuggles" the motorbike group from Maṭār al-Qāhira ad-duwalī International Airport through the metropolis of millions to the Government al-Quahida customs. Customs papers and stamps fly through the air and end up in our bags after much back and forth with the passports of the expedition participants. With the driving permits we leave the "official stage" and squeeze through the big city of Cairo like mustard from a tube with yours we take the shuttle to the kilometre 15555 inhabitants PER QUADRAT KILOMETER!!!
After the big city hell ride we arrive about four hours later in Alexandria, only 220 kilometres away, where Mohamed Ali Nassar is already waiting for us to take the YAMAHA Tenere fleet out of customs.

Alexandria, the gateway to the Mediterranean, over which the sun rises on the eastern headland. After a feudal breakfast in the colonial dining room, we step outside the hotel where the fleet is lined up at dawn!
We start the engines, leaving the sea and Alexandria in the rear view mirror and eat the asphalt kilometres like fast food in the odometer! The throttle is on the right, the head behind the windshield in cover and the stench of Cairo wafts over the Kinghighway TO CAIRO:
The last required stamp is hammered into the passport and the customs procedure for the enduros is celebrated in slow motion, Egyptian tea ceremony style! Dusk is approaching and we squeeze through the dark, completely filthy and congested streets of Cairo southwards to the pyramids of Giza. Upper Egypt.


Motorrad Reise


Journey along the Nile

A last glance in the rear-view mirror at the Sphinx of Giza, gently enveloped in the smog.
Behind us lies the Cheops Pyramid, in front of us the "lifeline" Nile which we follow southwards to the desert tongue of Quena, hour after hour, day after day, it gets warmer and sandier along the Sahara.

In the footsteps of the pharaohs

Along the Sahra River, the Enduro troop travels through Upper Egypt to the royal city of Luxor, which is the last airlift supply base in Egypt for the Enduro Expeditions group.
On the eastern bank of the Nile we spend the night in a Nubian village not far from the Valley of the Kings. After nightfall, we take the boat across to Karnak Temple in Luxor.
Same procedure every day:
The sun rises, we start the engines start the 700 Tenere Rally, cold and sober we set off into a new day, a new adventure.
A cup of tea, a quick grin for a "selfie" at the foot of the statue of Ramses II, which Unesco saved from "drowning" in Lake Nassrsee in a spectacular relocation. Via the Khazan Aswan Road we cross the mega-structure from the sixties, which was built in 11 years, in 11 minutes.
We reach the bank of the Nile and cross the Nile eastwards to Haifa to the Egyptian-Sudanese border.


Motorrad Reise Sudan Ägypten

Across the Nile to the border with Sudan


Crossing the border from Egypt to Sudan

Our long-time colleague Kemal Abdul Aziss is already waiting for us at the turnpike, Jojo (our online tour guide) has already announced us 30 minutes before arrival.
As always, he is amazed at the German punctuality and collects the passports with his brother-in-law, who fortunately "runs" the border and stamps our papers.
You can plan between eight and forty-eight hours for the border formalities in Cairo, Alexandria and here at the Aswan Dam. On our first trip about ten years ago it took me two days, on the second expedition only one day and tomorrow,,,,, in Shala only three hours.
The border situation between Egypt and Sudan is simply zää, the Egyptian IBM computers and users stand for I-nshalla B-uckra -M-alesh.
That means as much as, God willing today or not, but at some point the barrier will also go up for us into Sudan..... Inshalla.



Through the Nubian Desert

In the meantime, we Endurists are riding like a "motorbike snake" towards the sun, at some point we turn right on the tracks of the "Sudan Express" train line across the Nubian desert.
The Nubian Sahara section was also called "Taseti" (sandy arc land) by the Copts, this arc land stretches like a half moon along to the south, this Sahara section is one of the most spectacular desert sections of the Nubian Desert!
Hundreds of kilometres through the Kingdom of Nobatia lie behind us, before us the desert area between the Third Nile Cataract and Khartoum which is considered the high culture of ancient Egypt.
In the desert land of the Hamitic Nubians, we experience the cultural-historical relics of the pyramids of Merore, as well as burial cities and temple ruins, which are said to have arisen from the cultural flowering of the Kingdom of Kush before our era.
After days in "nothingness", civilisation has us back, Karthum refuelling, eating internet and..... is all overrated, we give it gas and turn left at the junction of the Blue and White Nile, into the most densely populated landlocked country in Africa, Ethiopia.


Motorrad Reise Sudan

By motorbike through the Nubian Desert


From the Nubian Desert to the colourful multi-ethnic state of Ethiopia

Ethiopia is legendary, we will not be able to visit cultural cities like Lalibela and Gondar in the north for the time being, but we will experience the legendary south of the country all the more.
Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world. Due to deforestation and the fall in coffee prices as well as the worshipping war in the Tigrai region, the country has degraded itself to beyond the point of starvation. Is it ethical to travel to a starving country where not even every second Ethiopian has access to clean drinking water?
A clear YES, because individual tourism brings 100% cash in the most direct way to a country, to a population that lives on less than $1.25 a day!
On wild dirt roads typical for Africa, we cross the country's borders "semi-legally" to the area of the Oromos, which are widely known as the Plate Lips.
We cross the region of the Southwest Ethiopian peoples and the area of origin of the Oromo in the highlands until we meet the East Cushitic-speaking groups such as the Afra people, Saho people and Somali people in the lowlands. An exact location here in the rather "nomadic south" is and remains disputed, however, as is the indefinable course of the border where we meet Malcome from Addis Adeba somewhere 200 kilometres east of Omorate.
Malcome had done the first Ethiopia scout tour with me in 2012 and specialises as a top birder, due to old friendship he receives us (if necessary) at a military post where he has arranged our coming with his brother-in-law and the crossing of the "green border".
The next days we follow the tracks of the nomads through the "no man's land" until we reach Lake Turkana and are thus in Kenya!



On the wrong track between South Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya

We leave the Oromo Valley and Mago National Park behind us, and cross a nomadic region along Lake Turcana across the Sibiloi National Park with a military convoy which we have to use as a "toll" for this route.
Time for an ice-cold beer in Nanyuki, we have reached the equator, from today on we take the southern hemisphere past Mount Kenya "under the rubbed studs" to our destination Nai-robbery.



Conclusion and opinion from motorbike tour operator OVERCROSS

This exclusive motorbike tour is not so exclusive because it is "expensive" but because it is unique!
OVERCROSS has been the only motorbike tour operator in the world to offer this adventure trip for years.
With more than 100,000 kilometres of experience in Africa, I can say with a clear conscience that this Africa crossing, or rather the crossing from North Africa to the equator line in Kenya, is the most exciting and unique enduro trip ever!


"This "voyage of discovery" will be carried out as an EXPEDITION with the clearly formulated imponderables and challenges of the various climates, borders, regulations and conflicts of the people!
A fair amount of travel & enduro experience as well as mental stability are required to participate in this Pharaoh as well as the Equator Expedition and especially the Trans Africa Expedition.
"It is and remains for me the greatest adventure and the most eventful tour I have experienced in my life."
Joe Küster tour guide and jack-of-all-trades

Itinerary may change without further notice due to weather-, road- or any other condition that OVERCROSS or its guides feel will jeopardize the safety of the group or material.


What benefits can you expect?

Go South! The Pharaoh Enduro Expedition Basic Package:

Basic package of the motorbike tour through Africa:

  • Expedition Pre-Meeting of the Motorcycle Tour through Africa at OVERCROSS in Tübingen, Germany
  • All camping overnight stays on the motorbike expedition
  • Hotel and lodge accommodation on the entire Trans Africa Tour as advertised
  • Breakfast and dinner from the expedition kitchen
  • Guide in the expedition vehicle Land Rover Defender Pick Up
  • Guide on the touring Enduro
  • The tour operator OVERCROSS provides a 24 hour emergency call and rescue service for the Trans Africa Tour up to the coverage amount of 50.000 €.
  • Provision of a satellite telephone especially for the Trans Africa Expedition
  • Travel insurance certificate (insolvency insurance according to BGB §651r) is obligatory for all OVERCROSS tours.
  • Online tour guide, who is connected to us via satellite tracker.
  • Relatives and friends receive a location and status report from OVERCROSS (on request).
  • Maps for the Africa crossing
  • Support with visa questions and organisation if necessary
  • Tour folder with travel information to prepare the motorbike expedition
  • Equipment and packing list for the preparation of the motorbike expedition
  • Post-expedition meeting incl. overnight stay


Upgrade 1

Only bookable together with basic package

Motorbike expedition with a rental bike: "All in"

  • Fully equipped touring enduro incl. panniers for this trip.
  • Pick-up / provision of the rental motorbike in Egypt/Alexandria; drop-off point: Kenya/Nairobi
  • Liability insurance for the whole of Africa
  • Takeover of new tyres, inspection, wear parts and their shipment
  • Organisation & costs of all border formalities for the motorbike
  • Motorbike and rider transport in case of breakdown to the next supply point
  • Carnet de Passage (incl. deposit of OVERCROSS)
  • Transport of the motorbike from Germany to Egypt
  • Transport of the motorbike from Kenya to Germany
  • Packing and loading costs of the motorbikes
  • Security check/sniffer, X-ray and handsearch
  • Customs clearance and costs in Germany
  • Customs clearance and storage in Kenya and Egypt
  • Airport transfer in Kenya and Egypt


Upgrade 2

Only bookable together with basic package

Passenger in the expedition/escort vehicle:

  • Fully equipped 4x4 expedition off-road vehicle with guide for max. 3 participants.
  • Transport of the vehicle from Europe to Africa and back to Europe
  • Organisation of all border formalities
  • Customs clearance of the expedition off-road vehicle incl. fees
  • Airport transfer in Kenya and Egypt
  • Fuel included



Not included:

  • Tent, sleeping bag & camping mat
  • Fuel
  • Parking tickets
  • Restaurant and bar visits & drinks
  • Souvenirs and other private expenses
  • Organisation of extension/earlier arrival in Kenya/later departure from Egypt
  • Anything not listed in the service description!

country information

Click here for information on country Egypt, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan


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  • What is meant by desert and what kinds are there?

    Dry deserts do prevent due to their lack of water, the plant growth. At the
    Tropics at about 23, 5 degrees, there are so-called tropic deserts like the Sahara.

    The high-pressure areas there let the clouds dissolve and there is therefore no precipitate.

    These high-pressure areas are established by the intertropical convergence zone. Due to the strong sunlight warms the equatorial region particularly hard, so much water evaporates which prevents the precipitation.
    Descending air masses lead to the degradation of the clouds.
    The different types of desert we travelare: stone, gravel, salt and the sand desert.


    Stone or rock desert:

    Also known as Hammada is covered with dense nature of the blocky, angular fine rock or coarser rock material. These Hamada is the result of the physical

    Often, this rocky desert are coverde with boulders.Plateaus crossed that even with a well-developed havy duty off roaders barely passable. On our safari jeep, we usually travel on the old caravan routes, which is usually like in other forms of the desert

    Alamat acknowledges. Almat are small stone pyramids were usually placed on increases as route of the nomads and caravan leaders. Along the sandy desert, they are usually blown away, and man recognizes the old and new routes in camel carcasses, old tires and the car frame or other veralssenen those who "runs" line. A typical picture is dark colored and the smooth surface of the rocks of a desert rock, due to the smooth shiny surface it is also called desert varnish, results of flexibility accorded by the sun and the creeping permanent audit by the fine desert sand.

    Gravel desert:

    In the Western Sahara, they are called Reg, in the central Sahara, they are called Serir. Gravel deserts caused by erosion of stone or rock desert or by the
    Deposition of gravel where millions of years ago were still glacial. Another cause is a
    physical effect on the surface to collect more and more rocks, since the smaller pebbles or sand grains move down much easier. This process was developed in the desert for thousands of years, because provide moisture, wind and temperature differences for the movement of sand grains. When crossing through this gravel deserts you can still see the tracks after weeks of the knobby tires of motorcycles or the lanes of the SUVs and trucks Expeditions:

    Salt desert

    Chott el Jerid is probably the biggest and most famous salt lake Chott Tunesien.Der term is also used in Algeria and in the Eastern Sahara, the central salt desert, also known as Sebkha. Salt flats occur mostly in arid endorheic
    Sedimentary basins due to strong evaporation. In the Maghreb region of the layer is under-shaped ground conducive to formation of a dei Chotts which Duch promotes its consistency clay to seal the bottom surface. Very many of the deserts lie in the type
    Iran and Central Asia. Salt flats and salt-containing damp voallem deserts such as the Chott el Jerid, they are difficult if not impossible to impassable. Depending on the depth of the drying Sonneneinstarahlung the salt crust / upper class bedinkt passable. Often arise in wells of only a few Zentiumeter "swamp fields and ponds," weren which should in any case not drive through or walk through. The salt is formed mostly by down
    washed up debris from adjacent elevations / mountains, which often contain plenty of salt in endorheic depressions such as the Qattara Depression accumulates naturally as salt-enriched clay and Lehmflächen. This surface is called Salt Flat and Alkali Flats. After precipitation, which are mostly in the winter months, walked these salt lakes.


    The sandy deserts:

    The erg in the Western Sahara and in the Libyan Sahara is a desert is called the surface mainly consists of quartz sand. This is caused by soil erosion, sand a gravel desert. Due to the absolute dry conditions in the sandy deserts due to the lack of vegitation are much harder than stone or gravel deserts. Because of the fine grading of the sand deserts in the lower part of the carrying capacity is solidified, the surface is rather finely and due to the strong sunlight and fine dust-like sand of Einwehung less viable.
    In the northern Sahara dunes are found frequently occurring as longitudinal dunes or sickle.
    In libischen part of the Sahara will find the most beautiful crescent dunes below Seba and the longest sand dunes in Algeria with up to six hundred miles long.

    With the motorcycle and 4x4 suv in the solidified dunes levels passable, but difficult or impossible in up to three hundred feet high Mamutdünen how she finds in Algeria and Libya.

    The world's largest sand desert in Arabia, where we conduct the tours in Oman and the Rub al Khali Dubai. الربع الخالي ar-Rub ʿ al-Khali is the paradise for every off roader. The turning circle running through the desert of Oman, Yemen, and UAE.

  • Which temp can we expect in June/July or August/ Sept?

    Normally warmer than Germany.

    In the Gobi extremely hot, above 100 F.

    Over the night cooler.



start finish Price  
$5,196 Pharaoh Motorcycle Expedition - Off to the South! Basic package
There are no fix dates for this tour. We are happy to set up dates to your liking.

Optional additional services

$7,234 Upgrade No.1 "All in"

$131 Upgrade No. 2 "Passenger in the support vehicle"